How to Diagnose Laptop Problems and Fix them

   To many people, their laptop is their most essential device and it is as precious to them as their child. This is the main reason why many people are very particular about their device to always make sure it keeps working for them each and everyday. However, there are times when our laptop will inevitably be faulty without giving any sign of such earlier. This may be as a result of software issues or hardware problems that may turn your laptop useless to you. The first thing that always comes to our when this happens is to quickly take our laptop to a repairer shop or professional who could help us fix the laptop quickly. Such action sometimes is the best approach and sometimes it is just something you can quickly fix in the corner of your room or rather your working table or at least detect the course of the laptop problem.

     Anytime you have an issue with your laptop, the first approach to it is to diagnose the problem and the cause then reason whether it’s something you can fix-up yourself. In this article, we are going to take a look at some of the common problems affect laptops and the reasons behind those problems. At the end, we proffer solution to each problem then you become a master of your own laptop in terms of repair. Kindly follow with full mind as you read the following below;


  Battery won’t charge too quickly: 

This is said to be one the common problems with laptops and in most many cases, the battery is usually at fault. In a case like this, there is a way you can find out the real cause of the problem. In the first instance, you can detach the battery from the laptop and plug the charger straight to the laptop to know if the battery itself has gone bad. You shout therefore note that if the laptop switches on and work perfectly, then it is the laptop battery that is at fault. So in this kind of case you’d have to get a new working battery that suits your laptop.


 On the other hand, if the system is not on when connected with the charger and the battery is detached, then the charger is at fault. You can actually make use of another wall socket in order to be very sure. If this is tried and the laptop still remains off, then you’d have to get a new working charger that suits your specific laptop. 

   In the same vein, if the battery is getting drained quickly more than normal, the next approach is to check whether there are some software running in the background. This can be checked by going straight to widows, click on settings and then to system. Click on “battery saver” mode and select the “battery use”.

If probably you detect some software that shouldn’t be there or you don’t want them to be running in the background, you can simply click on them, turn off the “allow this app to run in the background “ and that’s all.


The keyboard is not working;

   Generally, your laptop keys take a beating each and every moment you work on it. So, it is expected to be among the first part to get faulty. If you are lucky enough, just few of your laptop keyboard might stop functioning but in most cases the entire keyboard do get fault at once. If you experience a keyboard fault in your laptop, especially if it’s just some keys, endeavor you take patience in order not to spend unnecessary money buying a new keyboard. This might be as a result of an obstruction in your laptop. For a novice, carefully turn your laptop upside down, simply shake to note whether it aid in dislodging any dust or dirt that may be obstructing the keyboard clip. Though this may feel or sound odd but it is a great trick. However, if the problem applicable to all the keys, then the keyboard drivers is the first things you should check for whether at fault or not. How can you go about this? This can be done by going straight to the “device manager”. If you observe a yellow exclamation icon very next to the keyboard icon, then you’re required to re-download the drivers. Simply go to your laptop manufacturer’s download page and search the drivers that suit your keyboard. This may probably help to fix the problem. However, if the problem persists after updating the drivers, then introduce or make use of USB powered keyboard because there may probably a loose connection between the motherboard and the keyboard unit.


This is however unlikely. You will have to open the laptop chassis in order to get access to all the internal parts. You can simply check the keyboard ribbon cable whether it’s connected or not. It is advisable you attempt this action if your laptop is old already and out of warranty. But if not, you can simply take it to an expert in the field of computer engineering.


After all things are done, finally you might have to replace the keyboard. Meanwhile, it is actually not that difficult like it sounds. Just mere research is needed to be done if you want to open your laptop. You can type watch YouTube videos to see who you can go about opening your laptop. Once you are able to get to where the keyboard is, be sure you pull it out carefully in order not to cause any damage to the internal parts of the laptop. After this is done, place the keyboard where it should be connecting the keyboard ribbon cable normally.


  Blue screen of death (BSOD)

This is said to be the most feared problem on Windows laptops. This error can be caused by various things. They can actually be related to hardware and software issues sometimes. Sometimes you can find it easy to restart the laptop, why the case is different sometimes.  Simply check for malware or rather corrupted drivers, if you can easily boot back into windows, make a quick run for the viruses by using Windows Defender or you can make use of any antivirus software you have on your system. Do not forget to do the update before running the scan. This quiet rare being the problem but you can at least be sure.


You can also use another measure in checking the fault drivers and update them. This can be done by going to straight to the Device Manager as earlier explained in issue of the keyboard. So if you see a yellow exclamation very next to either of the hardware components, you can simply update the driver with just a right-clicking on it and by selecting ‘update driver software “ Many a time, the problem you’re facing might probably be occurring due to a new update. Meanwhile, if you’re very sure that it is the driver causing such issues, you can simply roll back such update to the prior version.



Overheating of graphics chip or processor can cause a sudden crash to laptop. You can actually discover through the heat-producing by the laptop around the vents. For you to be very sure, you can download a software called SpeedFan, it is a monitoring tool especially for windows in aspect of temperature. It will be easier for you to know and notice the temperature of the GPU and CPU on your laptop.


Also, in some cases, overheating could be as a result improper working of the laptop fan or when the fan is totally turned off. If your laptop still have a warranty, you can take it to a service centre near you. If you’re full of confidence, you can try to open the laptop carefully through the help of some guides available for you online. After opening, just brush away the dust carefully and reassemble the laptop.


  Memory issues:

BSODs can actually be caused by some sort of hardware failure. The major component that can be faulty is the laptop RAM of which you can find out that in your laptop. You can simply run a command by pressing the windows key + R key. In this command key, you just type in ‘mdsched.exe’ then press ‘OK’. This will immediately pop-up a window that will check for memory issues. This will make you to either check the problem instantly or the next time you on turn on your laptop depending on preference.


 If you prefer doing it at that moment, the laptop will then run the Windows Memory Diagnostic Tool to check for any RAM problem(s). If probably there is no error, it therefore means that the laptop RAM is fine. However, if some errors are detected and show up, then you need to get it replaced.

Hard drive failure ;


If you actually detect that the RAM is working well, the next part you can simply check is the hard drive. This can be done by going into the file explorer. Simply right click on the drive you determine to check then go to ‘properties’. In the window again, go straight to the ‘tools’ option and click on ‘check’


If the RAM is working perfectly fine, the next component to check is the hard drive. You can do that by going into the File explorer. Right click on the drive you want to check, and go to ‘Properties’. In the window, go to the ‘Tools’ option and click on ‘Check’. If the hard drive is causing the problem, then you’ll find them here. You can also run SpeedFan to look for possible issues with the hard drive. If the hard drive has issues, then the best solution is to take it to the service center for replacement.


  The laptop refuses to start

It can be difficult to diagnose a problem why the laptop refuse to turn on or screen doesn’t turn on. There are different ways which you can use to find out what is exactly at fault. If fo instance your laptop refuse to power at all, such could be caused by by your laptop battery being totally drained or your charger. In order to tackle this fault, just follow the simple step earlier mentioned regarding battery troubleshooting.


  Laptop powers on, but without any display

When you detect that your laptop status indicators turn on, but the screen refuses to on, such could be fault attached with display. You can simply watch the hard drive indicators and observe whether the hard drive is active or not. The hard drive could be trying to boot up windows. But if you find out that the indicators just stay on useless without any activity, then you can try to press the ‘caps lock’ key. Normally, your laptop indicator light should typically turn on and off if not hung. But if your laptop is locked up, then it’s probably some sort of hardware failure in that manner. It’s therefore advisable you take the laptop to a service centre if you have this similar case.


   Windows start booting but doesn’t proceed

It happens sometimes when your windows start booting and stays on the process for a very long time. So if you’re encountering such fault on your laptop, I could be as a result of windows corruption problem. What you should do next is to keep a windows recovery disk available. You can find a solution to the fault by booting into USB drive or the Recovery disc. Another best way to detect if the windows boots is by entering the Safe Mode. You can do this by pressing the F8 or Shift+F8 keys immediately when the windows starts booting. Just insert the ‘recovery disc’ or pen drive into your laptop, then use it to boot your laptop. This can be done by entering the BIOS, and change the order of the Boot Disc. Most laptops enables you access the BIOS by pressing the F2, F10 or Del keys. Immediately you’re done with this, you will get the Windows recovery disc tool and you should either be able to repair or reset your windows installation.

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